Jakarta, full name is Special Capital Province Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. It is also a province of Indonesia. Previously the city was known by such names as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia. Jakarta is located on the northwestern edge of Java Island, covering an area of 661.52 kmÂ² and a population of 8,792,000 in 2004. Jakarta has grown over 490 years and is now the 9th most populated metropolitan area in the world. gender with 44,283 people / square mile. The Jakarta metropolitan area is called Jabotabek and has 23 million people and it includes the Jakarta-Bandung Greater Urban Area.